Diseases and health hazards In the summer

Browse By

Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health Issuing public warning announcements for disease prevention and health hazards, consisting of 6 diseases and 3 health hazards that should be wary of illnesses during the summer. So that people take care of their health properly

Dr. Opas Karnkawinpong Director-General of the Department of Disease Control said that during this summer, Thailand officially entered the summer Causing the weather in many areas to be hot Which people may get sick with various diseases From hot weather If the health care is not correct, the Department of Disease Control has issued the Notification of the Department of Disease Control on the Prevention of Disease and Health Hazards Occurring in Summer of Thailand, 2021 dated March 15, 2021 for people, especially children and people.

Elderly taking care of their health properly. Diseases and health hazards that are likely to be encounter in the summer are divided into 2 groups as follows: 1. Infectious diseases, gastrointestinal and water. (Diarrhea Food poisoning, dysentery, typhoid fever or typhoid fever Hepatitis A and Cholera) 2. Health hazards (illness and death from hot weather. Health effects from the haze problem Injury and death from drowning)

Group 1: Digestive and water communicable diseases, divided into 6 diseases

1) diarrhea

 Caused by eating food or water contaminated with pathogens. The patient will have liquid or watery May vomit or be dehydrate Most often they disappear by themselves. But some people may have severe symptoms and even death. 

2) food poisoning

Caused by eating food or water that is contaminate with toxins or chemicals. It is often found in plants and animals such as mushrooms and seafood. Symptoms depend on the type and amount of the toxin received. Patients with mild symptoms recover on their own within 24-48 hours. Vomiting and diarrhea can lead to severe dehydration and electrolysis. 

3) Coccidiosis

Coccidiosis is cause by an infection with bacteria or protozoa in the digestive tract. Patients will have fever with liquid stools. The stool contains mucus or bloody mucus. Symptoms like not having the most pain, nausea, vomiting. Children may also have seizures. People who have the infection will be able to carry and transmit the infection at any time they experience symptoms. Because there will be infection with the feces every time they are transfuse. And the infection will gradually disappear after 2-3 weeks

4) typhoid fever or typhoid fever 

Caused by the exposure of bacteria that are contaminate with the feces or urine of the patient. Poor hygiene can lead to water or food contamination.Patients develop high fever for more than 1 week and experience headache, abdominal pain, bloating, or constipation. Some people may have a liquid stool or a rash on the chest or body.

5) Hepatitis A 

Hepatitis A is transmitt through ingestion of contaminate food and drinking water. Or the food has not been wash. Not washing hands after touching dirt Including sharing a syringe with an infected person And having sex with an infected person The symptoms of this disease range from asymptomatic Or have mild to severe symptoms They generally have fever, weakness, fatigue, headache, constipation, pain in the upper right stomach. Pain in the muscles and joints Dark urine Yellow eyes and body 

6) cholera 

Contact by eating food or water that is contaminate with cholera. Most have symptoms of liquid watery diarrhea Nausea and vomiting. Some of them are severely dehydrate and may even die. For the prevention of gastrointestinal and water diseases, such as adhering to the principle of “eat hot with a spoon, wash your hands”, eat hot, eat freshly cooked food. Personal center spoons are spoons that are used to scoop your own dishes and use them alone to wash your hands. This means washing your hands thoroughly with soap and water before and after cooking. Dining and after going to the toilet, in addition, be sure to drink clean, boiled water or water in a seal bottle.

Group 2: Health hazards that should be careful are divided into 3 subjects

1) illness and death from hot weather. 

Caused by the extreme heat that the body is unable to adapt In addition to personal factors such as the elderly, people with congenital disease And occupation in the sun Or doing various activities in the sun, where symptoms will include rashes, cramps, sunburn, sunburn, heat exhaustion and heat stroke, the prevention is Abstain from exercising or working in the sun for a long time Take care of your body not to be dehydrated. By drinking enough water for the body at least 8-10 glasses a day, wear clothes that drain sweat well. Do not drink alcoholic beverages Take care of young children, the elderly, people with underlying diseases And chronic patients closely 

2) Health effects from haze problem 

It is an important issue that needs to be monitored continuously. Which people are at risk for respiratory illnesses Cardiovascular disease, inflammatory eye disease and dermatitis. The short-term effect is May cause irritation in the eyes, nose, throat, respiratory tract, causing stinging in the eyes, coughing, sneezing, runny nose, trouble breathing, tiredness, Ufabet Thai and long-term effects can cause chronic bronchitis. Decreased lung function And lung cancer Protection is Close all the doors and windows of the house. Regularly clean the house regularly. Wear a mask that can prevent small particles such as N95 and recommend reducing small dust, such as not burning garbage, not burning forest, reducing the use of private cars. Do not smoke in public places. 

3) Injury and death from drowning

In 2020, 531 children under the age of 15 died drowning (135 cases Mar.-May), the water source where the child drowned and died. Most is Natural water resources Prevention advice is: Learn about vulnerable water sources and how to use floating devices. For survival when falling into the water Learn how to properly help people who are in the water, stick to the principle of “shout, throw, hold”. Don’t drink alcohol while engaging in water activities. Wear a life jacket when doing water activities. Take care of children closely. Do not leave children alone or let them play in the water. And manage water sources to ensure safety, such as building a fence, attaching warning signs Provide equipment to help people fall into the water at risk sources, etc.